by Moises Garza

August 12, 2021

Spanish Archives of Laredo
Last Names of Nuevo Leon

In this post, you will learn about the Spanish Archives of Laredo and where to find them online. They are a treasure for genealogical and historical research.

A month ago we had a meeting for the Las Villas del Norte book club and one of the members mentioned the book "A Borderlands Town in Transition Laredo, 1755-1870" by Gilberto Miguel Hinojosa.

I got a copy and barely started reading it yesterday. In his preface and acknowledgments he mentions the Laredo Archives housed at St. Mary's University in San Antonio.

As I was reading the book I noticed that many of his footnotes are references to many documents found in the Laredo Archives. This got me thinking, if I had ever made a blog post about the Laredo Archives and a quick search here at We Are Cousins revealed that I had not.

And, that is how this blog post came about. 

Since it's founding, Laredo like all other towns along the Rio Grande river kept records. These records contain vital genealogical and historical information.

Fortunately for us and everyone who has deep roots in Laredo, these records somehow made it to the Archives of St. Mary's University in San Antonio.

Spanish Archives of Laredo Online

The good news I have for you is that St. Mary's University with the collaboration of The Portal to Texas History has published these records online.

It contains, at the moment that I am writing in this post, 3576 items. I say items since each item may be from a single page to tens of pages. 

Now for what you have been waiting for, here is the link: Spanish Archives of Laredo (The Portal to Texas History). Let me know in the comments of any discoveries you make.

Types of Available Records

On the above link you can browse the records page by page and see what is available. You can also do a search for specific types of records and or the names of your ancestors. Keep in mind that only the titles are searchable, so if you don't get any results for your ancestors it does not mean that there are no records for them but only that their names are not mentioned in the title of the record.

An example are the census records. They contain many names but none are searchable, you need to read the record to find them.

To mention a few types of records, you will be able to find Wills, Land Disputes, Criminal Records, Censuses, and much more.

Las Villas del Norte

Just in case that you are not aware, Las Villas del Norte Genealogy Database has hundreds of family groups for Laredo dating from 1757-1850. They also have a resource page for Laredo and you can find it here: Laredo, Texas (Genealogy and History).

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About the author 

Moises Garza

I have doing my family genealogy since 1998. I am also the creator of this blog We Are Cousins, and the Mexican Genealogy blog. To always be up to date with both of these sites follow me on Facebook. To contact me or book me for a presentation, buy my books, and or learn more about me visit my personal website at

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  1. Moisés, gracias por compartir este importante documento sobre Laredo; seguro que será de mucha ayuda para quienes investigamos historia y genealogía. Recibe un afectuoso saludo de tu amigo Carlos Martín Herrera de la Garza

  2. Looking for relatives of Ruben Perez, born in Laredo Webb county June 25, 1963. Brother Pete Perez born Webb County, Laredo Texas. Father Pedro Perez, born Laredo Webb county Texas dob unknown. Mother Anita Pesina Garcia Perez born in Tamaulepus Mexico February 26th, 1936 Deceased in San Antonio Texas February 1st. 1996. Looking for naturalization information for Anita, Any information on Pedro Perez and any baptismal information on Ruben and Pete as well as the sister who may be named Mari. Having trouble getting a passport for Ruben Perez due to verification of birth by midwife in Laredo Texas. We are being told doctor at time of birth suspected of falsification of records. This has become a nightmare just to take a nice vacation (needing a passport). Any help/assistance is greatly appreciated. I also would love to reconnect my husband and his sister as he has no know relatives other than his own children.

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