Category Archives: Ramirez

Turning Facts Into Fiction And Writing The Historical Novel

Guest Post By Ernesto Uribe

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms defines the historical novel as “a novel in which the action takes place during a specific historical period… often one or two generations before, sometimes several centuries, and in which some attempt is made to depict accurately the customs and mentality of the period…” We, the sons and daughters of colonial settlers and Mexican immigrants to South Texas have our own rich history from which to draw for writing historical fiction. We all have the tales, los cuentos of our ancestors as told to us by our grandparents and parents as well as our more formal readings of the history of the communities from where our ancestor came, and those in which we were raised.

My first novel Tlalcoyote is based partly on the adventures of a real person who was born in Revilla (later Guerrero) in Tamaulipas, Mexico in 1799 and lived on the frontier until his death in 1882. I ran across the story of this abducted vaquero in The Kingdom of Zapata, a book written by Virgil Lott and Mercurio Martinez published in 1958. It was only then that I discovered the young man’s name. He had been Manuel Ramirez Martinez, born in Revilla in 1799 and kidnapped by Comanches in 1819. The story of his captivity is expressed wonderfully in Spanish by Manuel Ramirez himself in nine verses of ten lines called Decimas. These Decimas that read like a Greek epic poem, and the four pages provided by Lott and Martinez finally gave me the outline I had been seeking to write my story.

During the 83 year span of Manuel Ramirez Martinez’s life, the area in which he lived went from a Spanish colony to become a part of the Republic of Mexico; experienced most of the Comanche and Lipan Apache incursions; felt the impact of the Texas War for Independence; saw the rise and fall of The Republic of the Rio Grande; endured the U.S. Army occupation during The Mexican-American War; witnessed the Juan Nepomuceno Cortina incursions; and felt the ripples of the American Civil War as Tejanos in Gray fought Tejanos in Blue along the Rio Grande. On top of these major events, there were countless encounters with los rinches, the Texas Rangers with bandits or perhaps heroes, depending on the point of view; there were range wars; large tracts of land were stolen; there were influential and not so influential political bosses doing most of the stealing; and countless family tragedies and stories. These many wonderful and exciting events are there, just waiting to provide the background for writing our historical novels.

The unfortunate fact is that most of us are not aware of our rich history. The history of our people and our area is not easy to find because it is hardly mentioned in the compulsory middle school and high school Texas history textbooks required by state educators. Let’s face it, Texas history was not written by or for Hispanics, and with rare exceptions, most historians from both sides of the border have short-changed us when it comes to the history of our people. Americans have little interest in the “Mexicans” who live in South Texas and Mexican historian lost all interest in the history of what was once Northern Mexico and is now the United States.

Perhaps an interest in the history of our part of the world could be awakened through historical fiction. We already have two wonderful examples of historical novels written in the 1930s and 1940s by Hispanics. It was only good fortune that the works of a very talented and bold Hispanic woman were rescued from oblivion and brought to light by Professor José E. Limón of the University of Texas. These two forgotten and unpublished manuscripts were written by Jovita Gonzalez (1904-1983) and co-authored by Eve Raleigh (1903-78). These novels, Caballero (Texas A&M Press, 1996) and Dew on the Thorn (Arte Publico Press, 1997) deal with the cultural clash experienced by the established Hispanic families in South Texas when they encountered the U.S. Army of occupation during the period of the U.S–Mexico War of 1846-48. Another rare example of an early Hispanic historical novel is El Mesquite. This wonderful story about ranch life in South Texas was written by Elena Zamora O’Shea and was actually published by Mathis Publishing Company, Dallas, Texas in 1935.

This writer has one of the few remaining original copies of Elena Zamora O’Shea’s book and although pleased to see El Mesquite re-published by Texas A&M Press in 2000, I was disappointed with the more than sixty pages of academic baggage inserted at the beginning of the book. It is sad that such a wonderful little book had to be trampled in such manner by zealot academics. They should have shown Mrs. O’Shea the respect she deserves and saved their remarks for inclusion as an appendix after her narrative.

There is evidence that Jovita Gonzalez and Eve Raleigh tired to get their work published but had no success. It appears that romances between Anglo-Saxon U.S. Army officers and young Mexican maidens were not considered appropriate for publication in Texas in the 1930s. Perhaps “historical facts” that dealt with the politics of the period and the mention of abuses such as the open handed stealing of lands belonging to the original Hispanic settlers was considered inflammatory by the powers of the time and editors refused to publish the books. Jovita’s co-author also seemed to fear repercussions because she used a pseudonym when they submitted the Caballeros manuscript to publishers. Another variable that might have contributed to the non-publication of these early historical novels could have been the mere fact that the books were written by women, and one was a “Mexican” to boot.. On the other hand, Elena Zamora O’Shea’s “cute” and non-controversial novel about ranch life was published by what appears to have been a small printing shop in Dallas.

The marketing of historical fiction is still not easy. And believe it or not, there are still prejudices out there. My novel Tlalcoyote made it up the line at Bantam Books until it hit an ethnic snag, and this is what an editor wrote my agent: “I was impressed with Mr. Uribe’s ability to evoke three different cultures in a single narrative. Since he has an especially strong talent for depicting the Comanche and Mexican cultures, I think this novel could thrive with a publisher that has stronger ties to the hispanic (small h) market….”

Some years ago the noted author Jean Avel wrote an extremely successful series of historical (pre-historical?) novels. They were The Clan of the Cave Bear, Valley of the Horses, and Mammoth Hunters among others. What if her publishers had turned down her novels with: “It appears that Ms Avel has an especially strong talent for depicting caveman culture, I think this novel could thrive with a publisher that has stronger ties to the caveman market.”? I guess Bantam Books puts Hispanics a few rungs lower than Neanderthals.

So, what does it take to get your material published? It takes endless patience, a lot of writing, rewriting, and re-rewriting, and then it takes editing, reediting and re-reediting until your work is as perfect as can be before submitting it to a publisher. Two other important variables are persistence and a lot of luck. Okay, that’s the mechanics, but before you get there, you have to have something to rewrite and reedit, and that’s the story itself.

Almost all of us have that big story in mind that we want to write. So now that you have that word processor with spell check warmed up, it’s just a matter of putting fingers to the keyboard and follow the advice of the running-shoe commercial and, “Just Do It!”


Where to Buy Ernesto’s novel:

You can buy Ernesto’s novel TLALCOYOTE at just click here.

About Ernesto:

Ernesto Uribe grew up on horseback, popping cattle out of the brush on a South Texas ranch where his family has raised beef since 1755. Educated in the public schools of Laredo, he went on to Texas A&M College on a track scholarship and holds a master’s degree from that institution. Joining the United States Information Agency as a foreign-service officer in 1962, he filled posts primarily in Latin America until leaving the senior ranks of the service to write fiction full-time.

1917 Civil Registry Death Record for Leandra Ramirez Martinez, La Meca, Tamaulipas, Mexico

This is the 1917 Civil Registry Death record for my 2nd great grandmother Leandra Ramirez. Her parents are not listed here but from other documents they are Guadalupe Ramirez and Antonia Martinez. I have yet to find who her grandparents where. If anyone knows please email me.

Cut out of original image:

Transcription of above image:

Leandra Ramirez Gratis

Acta numero ( 68 ) sesenta y ocho

En la Ciudad de Mier Tamaulipas a las diez de la manana del dia veintidos de Septiembre de mil novecientos diesisiete: Ami, Juaquin Ramirez Juez del Registro Civil, me fue entregada una acta del tenor siguiente: Acta no ( 1) uno = “Encargatura de la Meca. = “En el Rancho de la Meca Jurisdiccion de Ciudad Mier Tamaulipas a las dos de la tarde del dia veinte del mes de Septiembre de mil novecientos dieciciete: Ante mi Encargado propietario, comparecio, el Ciudadano Evaristo Ramirez casado labrador de esta comprencion, manifestando que a las once de la manana del dia veinte de Septiembre del mismo ano fallecio la Senora Leandra Ramirez a la edad de sesenta y siete ,anos, Mexicana, del Rito Catolico, con Residencia en la Meca, agrego el compareciente que la finada fue esposa del finado Juan Tanguma de esta vecindad, y que deja desendientes, que el cadaver fue sepultado en el Cemeterio de la Meca. Fueron testigos de esta inscripcion los Senores Baltazar Garcia y Tomas H. Rodriguez, el primero casado, y el segundo soltero mayores de edad y de esta vecindad. Leida esta acta al compareciente y testigos estuvieron conformes y firmaron. = Doy fe = El Encargado propietario = Jose Hinojosa = Compareciente = Evaristo Ramirez = Testigo = Tomas H. Rodriguez = Testigo = Baltazar Garcia = Rubricas. Se Archivo el acta original = Doy fe. = Juaquin Ramirez = Rubrica.

Source: FamilySearch

Copyright © Moises Garza. All rights reserved. Article may be reused for any purpose, and it is encouraged, as long as it is non-commercial use and it includes this notice. An effort has been made to use materials that provide credit to author or rights holder. If you find anything that should not be listed in this article contact me at

1887 Civil Registry Birth Record of Toribio Tanguma Ramirez, Mier, Tamaulipas, Mexico

It had been several years that had been searching for the names parents of my great grandmother Elena Tanguma. All I new was that according to my mother she only had a brother named Toribio Tanguma. A few weeks ago I found Toribio’s death record which provided me with an estimated birth year and my search began. I found the following document indicating that his parents ware Juan Tanguma and Leandra Ramirez. It also indicates that Juan’s parents are Hipolito Tanguma and Francisca Pena. Also that Leandra’s parents were Guadalupe Ramirez and Antonia Martinez.

Cut out of original image:

Translation of above image:

Acta numero cineto nueve. 109.

En la Ciudad de Mier a las seis de la tarde del dia veinticinco de Abril de mil ochocientos ochenta y dos ante mi el Ciudadano Pablo Garcia Urizan Juez del Estado Civil de esta Ciudad comparecio el Ciudadano Juan Tanguma, casado, de treinta y seis anos de edad oficio campo, originario y vecino de esta y presento en este Juzgado un nino vivo en esta Ciudad, el dia diez y seis del presente a las tres de la tarde; que le impone por nombre Toribio Tanguma; que lo tubo con su esposa Leandra Ramirez, casada, de veintiseis anos de edad originaria y vecina de esta. Siendo Abuelos paternos de dicho nino el Ciudadano Hipolito Tanguma y Francisca Pena, y maternos los Ciudadanos Guadalupe Ramirez y la Senora Antonia Martinez. El comparesiente oyo leer esta y se conformo con ella en presencia de dos testigos que lo fueron los Ciudadanos Felipe Flores y Jose Maria Pena, el primero casado y el segundo soltero, mayores de edad y vecinos de esta, firmando conmigo un testigo, no haciendolo el comparesente y un testigo por no saber. Doy fe. Pablo Garcia, Urizan. = Una Rubrica Jose Maria Pena. – Una Rubrica.

Souces: FamilySearch

Copyright © Moises Garza. All rights reserved. Article may be reused for any purpose, and it is encouraged, as long as it is non-commercial use and it includes this notice. An effort has been made to use materials that provide credit to author or rights holder. If you find anything that should not be listed in this article contact me at

Yldefonso Zamora Mendoza and Elena Tanguma Ramirez – A Love Story

This is a story about my great grandparents Yldefonso Zamora Mendoza and Elena Tanguma Ramirez. Growing up I had heard the following story over and over again from my mother San Juana Tanguma and this is how I remember hearing it;

One day Elena was getting water from the ranch’s pond, when Yldefonso saw her as he passed by and since no one else was around he took advantage of her by raping her. As a result she ended up pregnant with my grandfather Juan Tanguma. It is said by my mother San Juana Tanguma that my great-grandmother Elena Tanguma did not want my grandfather and when he was born trew him against a mesquite to try to kill him. Then his brother Toribio Tanguma my grandfather’s uncle took him away from her and raised him up as his own son and even gave him his last name. Elena never married and she only had my grandfather. When Juan was older he recognized Yldefonso as his father and also recognized all his half brothers.

Then one day my cousin Eddie Tanguma told me a different story and I tried to correct it but it turned out that his dad (my uncle) was right. The following story is the correct one and this is how my aunt Ernestina Tanguma (the eldest of my mothers siblings) said it happened;

Yldefonso and Elena met and he tried to court her but every-time that he would build up the courage to go and visit her, Elena’s mother Leandra Ramirez would chase him off with a machete in hand. She was very protective of her and never approved that he would have anything to do with her daughter. Then one day Yldefonso stole her and they left to Zacatecas where he was from. Unfortunately at that time the Mexican Revolution was in full swing and they had to come back to Tamaulipas. The reasons are not clear but she came back to her parents home and by that time she was pregnant with my grandfather Juan Tanguma. Leandra was the midwife when Juan was born and once she had the baby in her hands she ran outside the Jacal and threw him against one of the orcones (supporting mesquite wood beam) of the front porch trying to kill him since such was her hate for Yldefonso and her disapproval of their relationship. When she noticed that the baby was still alive she ran to grab him to finish what she started but her son Toribio Tanguma got to him first and protected the baby. The baby had an arm and several broken ribs.

My aunt stated that she meet her grandfather Yldefonso and that he used to say that he would always be in love with Elena and that she was the most beautiful woman he had ever meet. My aunt states that she never meet her since she stated that she and her parents lived in Texas around the Corpus Christi area. My mother remembers seeing her once when she visited the family and she stated that she was very beautiful with real pretty blond hair. She is buried in the cemetery of Los Trevinos, Tamaulipas, Mexico but her grave has no dates on it and I have not been able to find any additional information on her parents, her brother or her. The search is not over and I hope to interview the rest of my aunts and uncles.

Yldefonso did marry again in 1920 and I will be posting the transcription of that document soon. You can also see his family group on my previous post.

Why two Stories?

Well my grandfather Juan Tanguma was born out of wedlock and her mother Leandra Tanguma tried to conceal the truth from everyone, by instead saying that her daughter had been raped. People at the ranch in Mexico see me and mention to me that I am pure Zamora and that I look exactly like the Zamora’s. I don’t mind since they have told me and my siblings that same thing since we were kids. Just wandering if there is a third story if anyone knows another version please let me know.